Food, water and energy are core pillars of economic prosperity. As such, affordability,
sustainability and security of these three resources are central to geopolitical and economic
discourse. However, it remains the case that a substantial portion of the global population does not
have sufficient access to modern energy services, adequate nutrition and/or clean water. The
challenges associated with eliminating poverty and providing access to adequate food, energy and
water are not easily remedied, and can be very different across regions. Nevertheless, addressing
these issues is critical to providing platforms for growth and prosperity.
At the same time, to address concerns related to climate change there is an increasing tendency to
transition toward lower greenhouse-gas emissions (GHG). Governments have to find solutions for these
transitions that are acceptable to their constituents and, leveraging all available resource and
technology options, efficient from an economic perspective. While the various proposals carry
desirable end goals, the pathway has the potential to disproportionately affect economies that
heavily depend on fossil resource endowments, have scarce water resources, or import food. The G20
can play an important role in addressing these issues to ensure shared and inclusive global
This task force will produce policy recommendations to enhance the management of energy, water and
food systems and ensure security of supply for the global population in an efficient and sustainable
way. The scale of existing networks and value chains and how the deployment of new technologies and
contributes to policy discourse will be examined. The task force also aims to provide guidance to
achieve efficient transitions that reduce GHG emissions while allowing all economies to prosper. It
will also offer recommendations on how to enhance international cooperation, infrastructure and
institutions that help to ensure the stability of markets, for the joint benefit of both producing
and consuming countries.
Dr. Hossa is a research fellow at KAPSARC experienced in developing energy and economic
models. She has a Ph.D. and a master’s degree in Applied Operations Research from the
University of Waterloo, Canada. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in Business
Administration from King Abdulaziz University. Alongside developing energy and economic
models to study the impact of energy and environmental policies on economies, her
research interests also include sustainable development, wealth management and building
human capital. The main goal of her work is to provide policymakers and practitioners
with decision support tools that can help identify the challenges, opportunities, and
solutions associated with moving toward sustainable energy and sustainable business
practices. Her work is published in the Journal of Global Optimization and Computer and
Prior to joining KAPSARC, Hossa was a faculty member at the University of Wilfrid
Laurier. She has more than 15 years of experience in academia, project management and
collaboration with multiple stakeholders and cross-functional teams.
Majed is a senior research associate at KAPSARC with a focus on sustainable energy,
energy security and energy infrastructure. He has over 15 years of experience in the oil
and gas industry at Chevron and Saudi Aramco. His industry experience has included
simulation and modeling, subsurface asset management, hydrocarbon reserves estimation,
disruptive technologies and business planning.
Majed holds a B.Sc. degree in petroleum engineering from the University of Tulsa in the
United States. He also holds an M.Eng. degree in petroleum engineering from Texas A&M
University, and an M.Sc. in reservoir geosciences and engineering from the Institut
Francais du Petrole (IFP School).
Kenneth B. Medlock III, Ph.D., is the James A. Baker, III, and Susan G. Baker Fellow in
Energy and Resource Economics at the Baker Institute and the senior director of the
Center for Energy Studies. He is also the director of the Masters of Energy Economics
program, holds adjunct professor appointments in the Department of Economics and the
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and is the chair of the faculty
advisory board at the Energy and Environment Initiative at Rice University. Medlock is
also a Distinguished Fellow at the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan and a member of
Advisory Board of the Payne Institute at Colorado School of Mines. In 2012-2013, Medlock
held the prestigious Haydn Williams Fellowship at Curtin University in Perth, Australia.
He teaches advanced courses in energy economics and supervises Ph.D. students in the
energy economics field. Medlock is a principal in the development of the Rice World
Natural Gas Trade Model, which is aimed at assessing the future of international natural
gas trade. He has published numerous scholarly articles in his primary areas of
interest: natural gas markets, energy commodity price relationships, gasoline markets,
transportation, national oil company behavior, economic development and energy demand,
and energy use and the environment.
Medlock is the past vice president for conferences for the United States Association for
Energy Economics (USAEE), and previously served as vice president for academic affairs.
In 2001, he won (joint with Ron Soligo) the International Association for Energy
Economics Award for Best Paper of the Year in the Energy Journal. In 2011, he was given
the USAEE’s Senior Fellow Award, and in 2013 he accepted on behalf of the Center for
Energy Studies the USAEE’s Adelman-Frankel Award. In 2019, Medlock was awarded the
Lifetime Achievement Award for the Advancement of the Education of Future Energy Leaders
by the Abdullah Bin Hamad Al-Attiyah Foundation. He is also an active member of the
American Economic Association and is an academic member of the National Petroleum
Council. Medlock has served as an advisor to the U.S. Department of Energy and the
California Energy Commission in their respective energy modeling efforts.
Rob Vos holds a Ph.D. and a M.Sc. with honors in Economics from the Free University of
Amsterdam, Netherlands. He is Director of the Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division
(MTID) at IFPRI since September 2017. Previously, he was Director of Agricultural
Development Economics at the
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), responsible for
economic analysis and policy support for sustainable agricultural development and
food security. In that capacity, he was responsible for FAO’s flagship publications
the 'State of Food Insecurity in the World’ (SOFI) and the 'State of Food and
Between 2005 and 2012, he was the Director of Development Policy Analysis and chief
economist of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA). In
that capacity he also served as Secretary of the UN Committee for Development Policy and
coordinated both the Secretary-General’s Millennium Development Goals’ Gap Task Force
and the UN Task Team for the Post-2015 UNDevelopment Agenda. Rob also holds honorary
professorships at the International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University
and the Facultad Latinoamericano de Estudios Sociales (FLACSO) in Ecuador.
James G. McGann is a senior lecturer of International Studies at the Lauder Institute,
director of the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program and a senior fellow at the Fels
Institute of Government at the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to assuming his current
post, James was Assistant Director of the International Relations Program at the
University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. McGann has served as a consultant and advisor to the World Bank; the United Nations;
the Asian Development Bank; the United States Agency for International Development; the
Soros, Rockefeller, MacArthur, Hewlett, and Gates foundations; the Carnegie Corporation;
and foreign governments on the role of non-governmental, public policy, and public
engagement organizations in civil society. He was an assistant professor of Political
Science at Villanova University where he taught international relations, international
organizations and international law. He has served as the senior vice president for the
Executive Council on Foreign Diplomats, the public policy program officer for the Pew
Charitable Trusts, the assistant director of the Institute of Politics, John F. Kennedy
School of Government at Harvard University. He also served as a senior advisor to the
Citizens’ Network for Foreign Affairs and the Society for International Development.
Christophe Bonnery is President of the International Association for Energy Economics
(IAEE) and the Vice President of Economics & Prospective, ENEDIS. He is also President
of the French Association for Energy Economics since 2009.
He created in 2012 the French Cercle of Energy Economists, to promote energy economics
to energy policy decision makers and also the Marcel Boiteux Prize in 2011, which
rewards the best French book on energy economics.He was previously Vice President,
Economic & Prospective Studies, AREVA. In this role, he headed a team of Senior Energy
experts in charge of electricity markets, competitiveness assessments and all primary
His former affiliations include: Head of the Economics Department, NUSYS consulting
company, Paris, France; Commercial Director, International Division, SGN, Paris, France;
Project-consultant, Shell, Paris, France; Research Assistant, Economic and Industrial
Research Division, University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.