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TF2: Climate Change and Environment

TF2: Climate Change and Environment
Climate change is an urgent global challenge. Scientific evidence suggests that man-made greenhouse gas emissions have already contributed to 1 degree Celsius (°C) of global warming above pre-industrial levels over the past 150 years. Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the current rate. The Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #13 (Climate Action) recognize the importance of collective mitigation and adaptation actions by developed and developing countries in tackling climate change at various levels.

Since the Paris Agreement came into effect in 2016, Parties to the Agreement have submitted nationally determined contributions (NDCs), setting out their climate mitigation and adaptation ambitions, and have made progress in developing climate policies. The challenge now is to translate these ambitions into actions and raise the ambition of NDCs on a five-year cyclical basis starting from 2020. Importantly, without ratcheting up NDC ambitions, current NDCs will not collectively achieve the Agreement's aim to keep the average global temperature rise to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, let alone its aspirational target of limiting this rise to 1.5°C.

Indeed, Parties are challenged by their unique socioeconomic and environmental contexts, which necessitate different climate mitigation and adaptation approaches. It is important to acknowledge equity and common but differentiated responsibility as the key drivers of global climate change action. It is also important to recognize the spillover and negative impacts of response measures to climate change on developing countries. These countries – especially those vulnerable to climate change – shall focus on adaptation as a priority and enhance their resilience to climate change impacts. They will also contribute to climate change mitigation if adequate finance, technology and capacity building are provided.

The concept of a circular carbon economy has emerged in the climate policy debate as a way to balance economic development and environmental sustainability. T20 Saudi Arabia presents an opportunity to communicate pressing global issues to the G20. The work of this task force will therefore contribute toward speeding up nations' climate actions while ensuring environmental protection and economic growth.​

Taskforce Priorities
  • Managing the du​al challenges of climate change and economic growth
  • Promoting the circular carbon economy
  • Policy and technology options for global waste management
  • Promoting high-impact green finance programs
  • Enhancing the role of the private sector
  • Empowering youth for climate action
  • Coastline water challenges
  • Preserving biodiversity
  • The challenges of a climate-constrained world
  • Afforestation
  • Blue carbon economy
List of Forthcoming Policy Briefs
  • Towards a comprehensive approach to youth empowerment for climate action
  • Promoting Southern actors' direct access to the Green Climate Fund to de-risk projects and raise additional climate finance flows
  • Financing energy efficiency of buildings: green instruments and policy guidance
  • A carbon management system of innovation: towards a carbon circular economy
  • Achieving carbon-neutrality: the essential role of supply-side climate policy for valuing carbon storage
  • Nature-based solutions to climate change: towards a blue carbon economy future
  • Promoting hydrogen from renewable energy sources through Climate policy instruments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • The need to keep the nuclear energy option open in a carbon-constrained world
  • Does carbon price stimulate international competitiveness in G20 states?
  • Certification of Methane Emissions from Fossil Fuel Production and Natural Gas Value Chains.
  • Staying cool in a warming world
  • Enhancing G20’s role in marine biodiversity – proposing policy options and best practices for enhancing marine protected areas
  • Aligning climate change and economic policies to unlock higher ambition from the private sector – lessons from the Gulf
  • Feeding back Plastic waste into industry for achieving a Circular Carbon Economy
  • Towards advanced considerations of climate action into economic development: policy options for the G20 countries
  • Forest and Food Solutions for the Climate Crisis
  • Managing Emissions in the Global Transport Fuel Use: Electrification, Efficiency, or Both?
  • A Cost-Effective Low-Carbon Framework to Manage Emissions from Water Desalination
  • Trade and climate change: a key agenda for the G20
  • Addressing the physical climate risks: coastal disaster management
  • Multilevel governance and green finance for sustainable infrastructure: Challenges, solutions and growth in the 21st century
  • Reducing Pollution and its Impacts on Health and Climate Change: A Vital Part of the G20’s “Safeguarding the Planet” Agenda
  • Addressing Climate-Related Financial Risks and Overcoming Barriers to Scaling Up Sustainable Investment
Lead Co-Chair
Noura Mansouri​
Research Fellow, KAPSARC
Aisha Alsarihi
Research Associate, KAPSARC
Contact Coordinator
Kazuo Matsushita
Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University; Senior Fellow, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
Miranda Schreurs
Professor, Technical University of Munich; Vice Chair, European Environment and Sustainable Development Advisory Council
John Kirton
Director, G20 Research Group
Gabriel Lanfranchi
Principal Researcher, CIPPEC; Program Director, Metropolitan Urbanism, University of Buenos Aires
Ajay Mathur
Director General, TERI; Member of the India's Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change

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